How do I cite preCICE?

I used preCICE in my research and want to cite it.

What citation should I use?

We try to write a new preCICE referential paper every 2-3 years. For the current version please use:

Bungartz, H.J., Lindner, F., Gatzhammer, B., Mehl, M., Scheufele, K., Shukaev, A. and Uekermann, B., 2016. preCICE–a fully parallel library for multi-physics surface coupling. Computers & Fluids , 141 , pp. 250-258.

You can get a bibtex from here:

Of course, for specific aspects or adapters, there is additional literature. Have a look at our literature guide.

Since 2022, there is a new reference paper:

Gerasimos Chourdakis, Kyle Davis, Benjamin Rodenberg, Miriam Schulte, Frédéric Simonis, Benjamin Uekermann et al. preCICE v2: A sustainable and user-friendly coupling library [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]. Open Res Europe 2022, 2 :51 (

Please read and cite this paper for any new publications that are not specific to preCICE v1. A lot has changed since the first preCICE paper on 2016.

Find more information in our literature guide: Literature guide | preCICE - The Coupling Library

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